Menopause is a period that inevitably comes in the life of any woman. There are practically no ovules left in the ovaries, their function is dying away, menstruation stops. The average age of the climacteric is 45 – 55 years. The premature climax occurs before the age of 40 and is associated with primary ovarian failure. Menopause does not occur suddenly. It is preceded by a perimenopausal period, lasting about 4 years.
The typical stages of the climacteric period are:
Symptoms Of Menopause
The first and the most obvious sign of menopause is the change of the character of menstruation: they become irregular, the cycle, usually, lengthens, and the bloody discharge may be more abundant.
- Flashes of heat. Medical information menopause claims that about 80% of menopausal women feel this phenomenon. This is a sudden sensation of heat in the face and upper body, which descends and spreads throughout the body. Usually, it lasts from 2 to 4 minutes. Hot flashes may be accompanied by profuse sweating, heart palpitations, and a sense of anxiety. Flashes of heat may happen once or twice a day, or they can happen every hour.
- Increased night sweats. It is associated with hot flashes. A woman wakes up at night several times in the literal sense of the word “in a puddle” of her sweat from heat or cold.
- Insomnia – problems with falling asleep and sleep itself, even if there are no flashes of heat. A female in the climacteric has an endless feeling of tiredness and irritability due to sleepless nights.
Many women report about other unpleasant manifestations of menopause like endless awakenings, lack of sleep, fatigue, irritability, mood swings, and problems with concentration. That is why all the patients in the climax long for menopause relief which can be achieved by different methods.
Menopausal Hormone Therapy
The main indication for the appointment of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) is hot flashes. It should only be prescribed for the treatment of bothersome and severe symptoms of menopause if there are no contraindications. MHT has its advantages and disadvantages and is assigned strictly according to indications on an individual basis. To select the treatment methods that are right for you, consult a doctor individually.
MHT is safe if minimally effective doses of hormones are used (which help cope with symptoms). Typically, it is carried out for no longer than 4-5 years.
Non-hormonal Methods to Gain Menopause Relief
In case, the signs and symptoms of menopause are not pronounced, the following measures can be taken:
- Healthy nutrition;
- A night of 8-hours sleep;
- Going in for sports (swimming, aerobics, yoga and morning walks);
- Phased and gentle weight loss. A woman should give preference to products with a low glycemic index.
- Giving up smoking and alcohol intake.
- Stopping of sugar abusing (not more than 8 teaspoons of sugar per day (WHO). Consider its quantity in already made products);
- Finding ways to relax and distract.
Menopause is not more than a one more period of you getting mature, try to face it calmly and wisely.